Shotguns - Turkey - Remington 870.
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Pattern - Turkey - Analysis - Improve

Precision Black Grid Clay Target Precision Orange Grid Clay Target Precision Black Grid Dove Target Precision Orange Grid Dove Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Black Grid
Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Black Grid Precision Black Grid Over Ghost Turkey Image Target Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Orange Vitals And Grid Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details And Orange Vitals
Precision Black And White Turkey Target With Details, Orange Vitals And Grid Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With White Grid Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With Details Precision Black And Orange Turkey Target With Details And White Grid Precision Orange Grid Over Ghost Turkey Image Target
Shot Patterns For Turkey Hunting:
 In our first step to correctly pattern our turkey shotguns there are some factors that need to be known to give us a starting point for which to start our turkey shotgun pattern testing.

Target, Where To Shoot A Turkey:
 The most effective area to place your shot is in the head and neck of a turkey, where lead shot can easily penetrate the skull and spinal column for a quick, humane kill. A three shot lead pellet strike in the neck vertebrae or head will give a very effective kill on a turkey.

Shot Pellet Energy:
 One of the concerns for turkey hunting is how much shot pellet energy is needed to effectively kill a turkey.

 #6 lead shot with a muzzle velocity of 1,330 feet per second has enough pellet energy well out to 30 yards for short to medium range turkey hunting.

 #5 lead shot with a muzzle velocity of 1,260 feet per second has enough pellet energy well out to 40 yards for medium to long range turkey hunting.

 #4 lead shot with a muzzle velocity of 1,150 feet per second has enough pellet energy well out to 50 yards for long range turkey hunting.

Total Shot Pattern Dispersion:
 We all want to be the most ethical turkey hunters we can be so a point of concern is total shot dispersion into a flock of turkey's. While the whole point of patterning a turkey shotgun is to make a clean and ehical kill, only a small amount of shot is absorbed by that one bird, so we have to know where the rest of the shot is so as not to harm any other birds that may be nearby in the flock. For total shot dispersion we need to set a maximum of 35 inches, as for making an accurate shot we need to set a minimum shot dispersion so as not to miss the turkey we are after, this we set at 15 inches, as a turkey moves its head constantly and rapidly.

 We have now established our criteria for patterning our turkey guns what we need now is a distance at which to start patterning with various shotgun chokes that are commonly used in turkey hunting. Shotgun choke and shot dispersion charts are quite handy for this, please feel free to use the one below.

This is a definitive shotgun choke and total shot dispersion chart for turkey shotgun patterning, determining 15 inch spread starting and 35 inch stopping points for patterning a turkey hunting shotgun.
No Shot Means: Pattern To Big Or To Small For Ethical Shot At A Turkey.
Shotgun
Choke
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 10
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 15
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 20
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 25
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 30
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 35
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 40
Yards
Total
Shot
Pattern
Spread
At 45
Yards
Modified 15
Inches
20
Inches
25
Inches
30
Inches
35
Inches
No Shot No Shot No Shot
Full No Shot 15
Inches
20
Inches
25
Inches
30
Inches
35
Inches
No Shot No Shot
Extra Full No Shot No Shot 15
Inches
20
Inches
25
Inches
30
Inches
35
Inches
No Shot
Super Full No Shot No Shot No Shot 15
Inches
20
Inches
25
Inches
30
Inches
35
Inches

 In the above chart you can see that by using total shot dispersion as a guide we have exact ranges for various turkey choked shotguns.

Modified Choke: Effective Range, 10 to 30 Yards.

Full Choke: Effective Range, 15 to 35 Yards.

Extra Full Choke: Effective Range, 20 to 40 Yards.

Turkey Super Full Choke: Effective Range, 25 to 45 Yards.

 In the chart above all you need to do at this point is locate in the chart the type of choke you intend to pattern your turkey shotgun with. Once you locate your choke look at what your minimum pattern distance is and this would be the one that says pattern spread 15 inches, this is the closest shot you can ethically take at a turkey, without the fear of a missed shot. This is where you will begin patterning your shotgun for turkey hunting, by the process of choke verification.

How To Pattern Test:
1. Place a 48 inch patterning board and 48 inch patterning target set-up at the distance you intend to start pattern testing your turkey shotgun, be sure that your down-range area is clear and safe to shoot. Wear ear and eye protection while shooting.

2. Go to your shooting position, load your shotgun with one shell.

3. Line up your sights correctly and fire one accurate round. Clear your spent shotshell cartridge case, leave your gun action open and go down range and measure on your target the pattern spread of the shot. It should be between 10 inches and 20 inches.
A. If it patterns 10 inches or less then your shotshell choice and choke are patterning at a tighter choke constriction, move your target back or further from you an additional 5 yards, repeat step 3.
B. If it patterns 20 inches or more then your shotshell choice and choke are patterning at a more open choke constriction, move your target forward or closer to you an additional 5 yards, repeat step 3.
C. If it patterns between 10 inches and 20 inches then you have verified the choke is performing correctly and as marked.

4. Now you move your patterning board and target down-range 20 yards and this is where you will begin pattern density testing with appropriate anatomically correct turkey targets.

5. Go to your shooting position, load your shotgun with one shell.

6. Line up your sights correctly and fire one accurate round. Clear your spent shotshell cartridge case, leave your gun action open and go down range and remove your target and put up a new fresh target. Repeat this procedure for at least three rounds of ammo.

7. Now evaluate your targets, remember it takes 3 pellet hits in the neck bones or head to effectively kill a turkey. If you have done this and your turkey shotgun delivered at this range with each shot you have now completed the patterning process for your turkey shotgun.
 If your shotgun did not deliver a kill shot with each target move the target 5 yards closer and repeat step 6. If your shotgun does not deliver at this range you will have to try a different turkey shotshell ammunition until it does or try a different choke.
Also Try: Pattern Improvements

Shotgun Patterning And Shooting:

Patterning Paper

One Step Trap

Auto Trap Single

Auto Trap Double
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